The University College Hospital, Ibadan was established by an act of parliament in November 1952 in 5response to the need for the training of medical personnel and other healthcare professionals for the country and the West African Sub-Region. The establishment of the Hospital was sequel to a Visitation Panel in 1951 to assess the clinical facilities for the clinical postings of medical students registered for M.B.B.S. degree of the University of London. The visitation panel, led by Dr T.F. Hunt of the University of London rejected the enhanced facilities provided by the Government/Native Authority Hospital at Adeoyo, Ibadan following the establishment of a Faculty of Medicine in the University College, Ibadan (now University of Ibadan) in 1948. The University College hospital (UCH) is strategically located in Ibadan, then the largest city in West Africa which is also the seat of the first University in Nigeria.
The physical development of the Hospital commenced in 1953 in its present site and was formally commissioned after completion on 20th November 1957. The University College Hospital , Ibadan was initially commissioned with 500 bed spaces but presently the Hospital has 850 bed spaces and 163 examination couches, The current bed occupancy ranges from 55-60% The Hospital, at inception in 1948, prior to the Act of parliament, had two clinical Departments (Medicine and Surgery). However, the Hospital has evolved to accommodate about 60 Departments (See Appendix A) among which is the first Department of Nuclear Medicine in Nigeria commissioned by the Honourable Minister of health, Professor Eyitayo Lambo on 27th April 2006. The Hospital and the University of Ibadan, function in excellent symbiosis and it is impossible to think of one without the other, in the areas of health manpower training, research and clinical service.
This functional interdependence was emphasized from inception through the appointment of the Chairman of the Provisional Council of the University College, (now University of Ibadan as the first Chairman of the Board of Management of the University College Hospital, Ibadan. In addition to undergraduate medical programme (Based in the College of Medicine of the University of Ibadan), the UCH also provides for: Postgraduate Residency Training Programmes in all specialties of Internal Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Pediatrics, Otorhinolaryngology, Ophthalmology, Anesthesia, Laboratory Medicine, Psychiatry, Community Medicine, General Medical Practice, Radiology, Radiotherapy and Dentistry.
The University College Hospital also provides diploma /professional programmes in the School of Health Records & Statistics, Environmental Health Officers Tutors Course; Primary Health tutors Course, Nurse/Midwife/Public Health Nurse, Nurse Tutors Course, Post registration Courses in nursing e.g. Peri Operative nursing and Occupational Health Nursing. Also, the Hospital has in-house continous education programmes for Nurses and Midwives in Administration and management (CEPNAM), as well as Plaster Room technician programme.